Springs of freshwater are diluting at an uncontrollable pace, and it is becoming crucial to track and hold water sources in optimal condition. However, there are many barriers to the water quality assessment manually.
Water quality constantly degrades as it gets contaminated with toxicants. Water pollution affects the health of people significantly, and contamination is the second biggest water quality problem after water depletion. Approximately 1 in 3 people do not have access to clean water, according to a report by UNICEF and the World Health Organization, and the consumption of impure water causes around 15% of deaths, according to the Global Alliance on Health and Pollution. Water quality and scarcity will be one of the vital upcoming global problems.. The necessity to solve these issues is so urgent that many experiments are being done to preserve the water quality and condense water wastage.
Advanced technologies, such as IoT and AI, can provide a possible answer to this problem . Solutions based on these technologies are improving the water purity level progressively. IoT-based innovative water quality management can identify toxicants present in the water. IoT based products have features which significantly enhance the process of water quality management: a data-driven approach, real-time monitoring and predictive maintenance.
Water quality management with IoT tests 4 factors
An IoT-based water quality management service should test for salinity, acidity or alkalinity, total dissolved solids and turbidity to ensure levels are safe for human use.
Salinity. Salinity is the concentration of salt in water, expressed as parts per thousand units. An entire chemical analysis process is conducted to manually map the amount of salt in water, which is a complex process.
Acidity or alkalinity. Monitoring the pH of water is one of the most often done water quality tests. Inadequate pH of water can cause various health problems, which is why managing water pH becomes crucial.
Total dissolved solids. TDS measuring is the process used to identify total dissolved solids in the water. Some solids can be very dangerous to living organisms and cause lots of health issues. Therefore, monitoring and maintaining the TDS level in water is very crucial to address water quality.
Turbidity. The concentration of suspended particles in water is defined as turbidity, which depreciates the water quality significantly. IoT-based sensors embedded with a photodiode and infrared LED can monitor the water’s turbidity level.
Areas where smart water quality management systems can be employed
Smart water quality systems would be most useful and effective in healthcare facilities, water utilities, agriculture, wastewater management, manufacturing and aquaculture.
Healthcare facilities and laboratories. Healthcare facilities require 100% pure water to keep patients safe and free from infection. Laboratories and research centers also require water entirely free from any toxic elements to conduct error-free experiments and generate genuine outcomes.
Water utilities. Water monopolies that supply water to household areas for drinking and other domestic purposes must ensure that the water is not contaminated and is plentiful in nutrients. For making the water free from any toxicants, they can implement IoT-based smart water quality management solutions acquired at the industry level.
Agriculture. Preserving water quality and saving water in agriculture is exceptionally crucial for absolute quality crop production. Water suspended with toxic elements can impact crop growth and health. These unhealthy crops then affect people’s health negatively.
Wastewater management. IoT solutions can be used for treating wastewater before it is transferred to freshwater bodies. All the vital parameters such as temperature, Ph, turbidity, and TDS level of wastewater must be monitored and free from toxicants and dirt.
Manufacturing. Various factories and manufacturing units discharge chemical substances in water bodies even if there are strict regulations against this act. This discharge impacts the health of organism that consume water from those bodies. Thus, industries must implement IoT-based real-time water monitoring solutions to maintain water bodies’ water quality and be compliant to government regulations.
Aquaculture. Safe living conditions for aquatic plants and animals become obstinate when the concentration of harmful gases and other toxic elements rise too much. Smart water monitoring products help to monitor and maintain water parameters such as temperature, Ph level, and dissolved oxygen level and analyze the presence of destructive elements.
Benefits of using IoT based water quality management solutions
Smart water quality management solutions contribute to increased productivity by improving processes and workflows. Industries’ overall revenue can be increased, and water costs can be reduced by real-time monitoring of water. Safety and reliability of workplaces and other network operations can also be improved significantly with predictive maintenance, one of the most prominent IoT features.
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