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Can we expect the Internet of Things in healthcare?

Technology based on the Internet of Things has worked its way onto consumer devices. When can we expect it to cross over to healthcare?

The Internet of Things is not new, but has been gaining more attention and traction lately. The concept of the Internet of Things entails the use of electronic devices that capture or monitor data and are connected to a private or public cloud, enabling them to automatically trigger certain events. One such use case is that of garage-door openers that initiate when the owner's car is nearby or a when the owner sends a command from a mobile device.

The demand for connected devices spans multiple industries including the energy, automotive and consumer spaces. For each of them, the need for devices that can report or react to certain things provides a new level of convenience, efficiency and automation. Healthcare practitioners are closely watching the development of this trend to see if the Internet of Things will be a part of their future.

Electronic devices have been used to schedule maintenance for cars, or report any trouble areas to a mechanic so they can be addressed. Smart devices can also be used at home, where smart thermostats can collect data about the homeowners' schedule and temperature preference, and adjust it accordingly.

Internet-connected devices have been introduced to patients in various forms. Whether data comes from fetal monitors, electrocardiograms, temperature monitors or blood glucose levels, tracking health information is vital for some patients. Many of these measures require follow-up interaction with a healthcare professional. This creates an opening for smarter devices to deliver more valuable data, lessening the need for direct patient-physician interaction.

Some hospitals have begun implementing "smart beds" that can detect when they are occupied and when a patient is attempting to get up. It can also adjust itself to ensure appropriate pressure and support is applied to the patient without the manual interaction of nurses. Another area where smart technology could be an asset is coupled with home medication dispensers to automatically upload data to the cloud when medication isn't taken or any other indicators for which the care team should be alerted.

Internet of Things technology implementations will likely raise concerns around data privacy and security. While most of today's devices use secure methods to communication information to the cloud, they could still be vulnerable to hackers. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration offers guidelines for medical devices, and regulators will likely continue to regulate connected devices used by patients. While we have yet to see a huge number of adopters of the Internet of Things in healthcare, its popularity is undeniably on the rise in other industries.

About the author:
Reda Chouffani is vice president of development with Biz Technology Solutions Inc., which provides software design, development and deployment services for the healthcare industry. Let us know what you think about the story; email
 editor@searchhealthit.com or contact @SearchHealthIT on Twitter.

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This was last published in August 2014

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First we have to develop a standard communications method between healthcare devices.
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There are so many improvements to our healthcare system that can and should be made right now, before worrying about implementing new IoT technologies. 
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It's kind of happened already. What we can expect is wireless diagnostics and pacemakers, then struggle to make them hack-proof.
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You can't try to bolt on security and expect it to work. "Making it hack-proof" has to start from the ground up, with design.
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Everyone want the latest technology and jump into it before analyzing the total impact it may have. It's nice to have the toys in some cases, but I would not want them to put all their eggs in one basket and then get hacked. Even worse if patients health/life is in jeopardy. I would hate to think a hacker took control of some life support equipment that I had a family member on. I know TV may over dramatize things, but how far off are they when a hacker took control of an automated medication dispenser and gave someone a lethal dose ??
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I'm not easily finding an example, but it wouldn't surprise me. Certainly there've been other examples of hackers and medical devices, at least theoretically.
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Hey, I think that IoT will be used in all areas of living, it will take our jobs and finally, it will take control of humanity. That's how I see it but maybe I've watched too many science-fiction movies ;).
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Went back and read the article again now that some time has passed..Funny some of the points mentioned like the garage door.. Do I really want my door to open automatically when I'm coming home from work? What if I drive past my house to get a pizza for dinner? This would leave my door open for theft or entry to my house? As for being able to open it with my phone? What is that hard the door with the button on my visor? Besides in most states you should not be on your phone while driving. Now I see kitchen appliances like refrigerators with LCD screens and network connections for making out grocery lists or seeing what is inside without opening the door. Do I have an extra 5,000 dollars lying around to buy one of these marvels? No. This type of technology may be convince when it comes to healthcare because we are stretching medical staff thin today. Too many patients and not enough nurses and doctors. It could alleviate some of the tedious tasks they do today but on the other hand who is going to be held accountable if something goes wrong? I still think it will be a ways down the road before it becomes mainstream. I have spent too much time in hospitals over the last few years. I see the nurses walk in pushing a computer on a trolley with her patient orders. Then she leaves the cart unattended to get meds or see to another patient or gets called away for a minute and that leaves this open to anyone walking by to read patient info or tamper with the device. I don't think we can ever eliminate the risk of these systems 100%. It seems every time you turn around some of the systems we thought were secure can now be hacked with little effort. Most recently is the ability to clone your car's key fob from a distance then relay that info to someone else who loads the info into a hand held device, opens your car, starts it and drives away. All in less than 60 seconds. All without your knowledge. It's scary.
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