Definitions

  • I

    IoT middleware (Internet of Things middleware)

    Internet of Things (IoT) middleware is software that serves as an interface between components of the IoT, joining elements that would not otherwise be able to connect and communicate.

  • IoT policy (Internet of Things policy)

    An Internet of Things policy is a document that provides a comprehensive guide designed to help an organization deal with the complex issues surrounding the IoT.

  • IoT security (Internet of Things security)

    IoT security is the area of endeavor concerned with safeguarding connected devices and networks in the Internet of things (IoT). A major concern is to make sure that security remains an important part of product design for all networked devices.

  • IPv6 address

    An IPv6 address is a 128-bit alphanumeric string that identifies an endpoint device in the Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6) addressing scheme. The new IP address format was created to enable the trillions of new IP addresses required to connect not only an ever-greater number of computing devices but also the rapidly expanding numbers of items with embedded computers in them.

  • item-level RFID (item-level radio frequency identification)

    Item-level RFID involves individual unit tagging, as opposed to tagging cartons or pallets of items.

  • L

    LPWAN (low-power wide area network)

    Low-power WAN (LPWAN) is a wireless wide area network technology that interconnects low-bandwidth, battery-powered devices with low bit rates over long ranges.

  • M

    machine authentication

    Machine authentication is the authorization of an automated human-to-machine or machine-to-machine (M2M) communication through verification of a digital certificate or digital credentials. Unlike user authentication, the process does not involve any action on the part of a human.

  • machine data

    Machine data is digital information created by the activity of computers, mobile phones, embedded systems and other networked devices.

  • machine-generated data (MGD)

    Machine-generated data (MGD) is information that is produced by mechanical or digital devices. The term is often used to describe the data that is generated by an organization’s industrial control systems and mechanical devices that are designed to carry out a single function.

  • machine-to-machine (M2M)

    Machine to machine (M2M) is a broad label that can be used to describe any technology that enables networked devices to exchange information and perform actions without the manual assistance of humans.

  • man-in-the-middle attack (MitM)

    A man-in-the-middle attack is one in which the attacker secretly intercepts and relays messages between two parties who think they are communicating directly with each other.

  • meet-in-the-middle attack

    Meet-in-the-middle is a type of attack that can exponentially reduce the number of brute force permutations required to decrypt text that has been encrypted by more than one key. Such an attack makes it much easier for an intruder to gain access to data.

  • Memory Spot

    Memory Spot is the trade name for a passive transponder under development by Hewlett-Packard that contains a chip capable of storing large data files such as digital photographs, databases or musical selections... (Continued)

  • MEMS (micro-electromechanical systems)

    A MEMS (microelectromechanical system) is a miniature machine that has both mechanical and electronic components.

  • mesh network topology (mesh network)

    A mesh network is a local area network (LAN) that employs one of two connection arrangements, full mesh topology or partial mesh topology.

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