Manufacturing Definitions

  • A

    active RFID (active radio frequency identification)

    Active RFID (radio frequency identification) tags are continuously operating, battery-powered sensors that gather and transmit data to a reading device.

  • I

    Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT)

    The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) is the use of Internet of Things (IoT) technologies in manufacturing.

  • M

    MQTT (MQ Telemetry Transport)

    MQTT (Message Queuing Telemetry Transport) is a lightweight messaging protocol that provides sensors and other resource-constrained network clients with a simple way to distribute telemetry information. The protocol, which employs a publish/subscribe communication pattern and is managed by OASIS, is used for machine-to-machine (M2M) communication in the Internet of Things (IoT).

  • R

    RFID tagging

    RFID tagging is an ID system that uses small radio frequency identification devices for identification and tracking purposes.

  • S

    smart label

    A smart label is a slip of paper, plastic or other material on a product that contains an RFID tag in addition to bar code data.

  • smart manufacturing (SM)

    Smart manufacturing (SM) is a technology-driven approach that utilizes Internet-connected machinery to monitor the production process. The goal of SM is to identify opportunities for automating operations and use data analytics to improve manufacturing performance.

  • smart sensor

    A smart sensor is a device that takes input from the physical environment and uses built-in compute resources to perform predefined functions upon detection of specific input and then process data before passing it on.

  • T

    trillion-node network

    A trillion-node network refers to a near future state wherein trillions of devices, people, organizations, places and things are connected to the Internet. The implications of this ubiquitous connectivity and complexity hold both promise and risk that require the attention of multiple stakeholders.

  • U

    ubiquitous sensor network (USN)

    A ubiquitous sensor network (USN) is one that connects all possible sensors in a given network or environment which, theoretically, could be global.

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