Network Definitions

  • L

    LPWAN (low-power wide area network)

    Low-power WAN (LPWAN) is a wireless wide area network technology that interconnects low-bandwidth, battery-powered devices with low bit rates over long ranges.

  • M

    machine-to-machine (M2M)

    Machine to machine (M2M) is a broad label that can be used to describe any technology that enables networked devices to exchange information and perform actions without the manual assistance of humans.

  • Memory Spot

    Memory Spot is the trade name for a passive transponder under development by Hewlett-Packard that contains a chip capable of storing large data files such as digital photographs, databases or musical selections... (Continued)

  • mesh network topology (mesh network)

    A mesh network is a local area network (LAN) that employs one of two connection arrangements, full mesh topology or partial mesh topology.

  • microcontroller

    A microcontroller is a compact integrated circuit designed to govern a specific operation in an embedded system.

  • microserver

    A microserver, also known as a server appliance, is a compact, less expensive, modular hardware platform designed to make installation and maintenance simpler than traditional enterprise-class rack servers.

  • MQTT (MQ Telemetry Transport)

    MQTT (Message Queuing Telemetry Transport) is a lightweight messaging protocol that provides sensors and other resource-constrained network clients with a simple way to distribute telemetry information. The protocol, which employs a publish/subscribe communication pattern and is managed by OASIS, is used for machine-to-machine (M2M) communication in the Internet of Things (IoT).

  • N

    Nest Labs

    Nest Labs is a home automation specialist company that produces programmable Wi-Fi-enabled products that can be remotely controlled through a Web service or an associated smart home app.

  • P

    pervasive computing (ubiquitous computing)

    Pervasive computing (ubiquitous computing) is the growing trend of embedding computational capability into everyday objects to enable them to communicate and perform useful tasks.

  • R

    reference architecture

    A reference architecture is a document or set of documents to which a project manager or other interested party can refer to for best practices. By using a reference architecture, a project team can potentially save time and avoid mistakes by learning from past experiences.

  • remote sensing

    Remote sensing is the use of various technologies to make observations and measurements from a target that is usually at a distance or on a scale beyond those observable to the naked eye. Remote sensing technologies include: LiDAR, radar, infrared radiation (IR), thermal, seismic, sonar, electric field sensing and GPS.

  • RF-powered computing

    RF-powered computing is the use of radio frequency (RF) signals to enable the operation and communication of low-power devices, typically for machine-to-machine (M2M) networking.

  • RFID (radio frequency identification)

    RFID (radio frequency identification) is a form of wireless communication that incorporates the use of electromagnetic or electrostatic coupling in the radio frequency portion of the electromagnetic spectrum to uniquely identify an object, animal or person.

  • RFID skimming

    RFID skimming is the wireless interception of information from RFID chip-based debit, credit and ID cards and other documents, such as passports. The purpose of RFID skimming may be simple theft or more complex identity theft. Most typically, thieves use an NFC-enabled device that records unencrypted data from the card's RFID chip, which is broadcast into the air.

  • RFID tagging

    RFID tagging is an ID system that uses small radio frequency identification devices for identification and tracking purposes.

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