End-to-End Definitions

  • A

    actuator

    An actuator is a mechanism that turns energy into a controlled motion.

  • E

    embedded operating system

    An embedded operating system is a specialized OS for use in the computers built into larger systems. An embedded system is a computer that is part of a different kind of machine. Examples include computers in cars, traffic lights, digital televisions, ATMs, airplane controls, point of sale (POS) terminals, digital cameras, GPS navigation systems, elevators, digital media receivers and smart meters, among many other possibilities. 

  • embedded systems programming

    Embedded systems programming is the programming of an embedded system in some device using the permitted programming interfaces provided by that system.

  • I

    IFTTT (If This Then That)

    IFTTT is an online service that automates Web-based tasks so that if one specified event occurs, another is triggered. IFTTT stands for "If This Then That" and the acronym is pronounced to rhyme with "gift."

  • in-circuit emulator (ICE)

    An in-circuit emulator (ICE) is a hardware interface that allows a programmer to change or debug the software in an embedded system.

  • IoT middleware (Internet of Things middleware)

    Internet of Things (IoT) middleware is software that serves as an interface between components of the IoT, joining elements that would not otherwise be able to connect and communicate.

  • M

    machine authentication

    Machine authentication is the authorization of an automated human-to-machine or machine-to-machine (M2M) communication through verification of a digital certificate or digital credentials. Unlike user authentication, the process does not involve any action on the part of a human.

  • machine-to-machine (M2M)

    Machine to machine (M2M) is a broad label that can be used to describe any technology that enables networked devices to exchange information and perform actions without the manual assistance of humans.

  • R

    robotic process automation

    Robotic process automation (RPA) software can adapt to changing circumstances, exceptions or new situations in real time without human help.

  • W

    Windows Embedded

    Windows Embedded is Microsoft’s embedded operating systems  product group. Examples of embedded systems include computers in cars, traffic lights, digital televisions, ATMs, airplane controls, point of sale (POS) terminals, digital cameras, GPS navigation systems, elevators, digital media receivers and smart meters, among many other possibilities.

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